DENVER — An independent report into the workplace environment at the Colorado state Capitol was released Thursday.
“The most important factor that drives workplace behavior is culture, and the culture of the Legislative Workplace requires transformation,” according to the 235-page report from the Investigations Law Group.
About one-third of the people who were surveyed said they have seen or experienced harassment, but only a tiny percentage reported it.
About half who responded to the survey said they had observed sexist or disrespectful behavior.
“A higher standard of behavior than simply avoiding unlawful conduct is already the standard for many whom we interviewed,” the report read. “This is not, however, codified in the current system, and this is a missed opportunity.”
RELATED: Sexual harassment report
For four weeks, Democratic senators at the state Capitol ended each morning’s floor business with appeals, many of them painfully personal, to debate whether to expel Republican lawmaker Randy Baumgardner accused of groping a young aide’s buttocks.
That contrasted with the dramatic March 9 expulsion of Rep. Steve Lebsock accused of harassing five women, including a fellow Democrat.
Lebsock was the second U.S. state lawmaker ousted over misconduct since the rise of the #MeToo movement last fall.
Sen. Kerry Donovan said she has been judged on her “appearance, willingness to date, marital status, haircut, sexual orientation, and vocal assessments of my butt and legs.”
Colorado’s policy considers allegations, investigations and punishment confidential and off-limits to the public. It’s up to the accuser whether to release his or her complaint.
It defines offensive conduct, but leaves it up to chamber leaders to decide what punishment, if any, to mete out.
And it allows third-party investigations that experts say makes it easier for victims to file complaints but which some lawmakers consider incomplete or biased toward accusers.
An analysis in January found more than three-fourths of U.S. states have at least one legislative chamber that has updated its sexual harassment policy during the past several months, developed specific proposals to do so or undertaken a review of whether changes are needed.
Legislative chambers in Alaska, California, Maryland, Minnesota, Oregon and Rhode Island are among states considering improved policies on sexual harassment.
New York lawmakers adopted a policy last week that applies to both state and local governments. New Mexico lawmakers overhauled the Legislature’s anti-harassment policy in January, ahead of their session.
Nearly 90 bills or resolutions have been introduced in statehouses this year on the issue, according to the National Council of State Legislatures.
They range from creating personnel offices to penalties for those who retaliate against complainants.
Colorado Senate President Kevin Grantham has called for prosecutors to investigate legislative harassment complaints.
Sen. Lucia Guzman — who resigned as minority leader to protest the handling of the Baumgardner case — said Grantham’s proposal unfairly raises the bar for those seeking redress.
An independent investigator determined that it appeared “more likely than not” that Baumgardner grabbed and slapped the buttocks of a legislative aide for a Democratic member multiple times in 2016.
Baumgardner denied any wrongdoing but agreed to step down as committee chair.
Grantham, who blasted the investigation, closed the case in February and refused to introduce the Democratic resolution to oust Baumgarder for more than a month.
“Either we have a sexual harassment policy or we don’t,” said Sen. Rhonda Fields, a Democrat. “Either we’re going to empower victims to come forward or we’re going to shame them into silence.”
In Colorado, five lawmakers have been formally accused of misconduct in recent months.
“What the citizens of Colorado deserve is a policy that’s designed to prevent harassment in the first place,” said Craig Morgan, a Phoenix attorney who prepared an investigative report that preceded Arizona Rep. Don Shooter’s Feb. 1 expulsion.
“That means a zero-tolerance policy.”
Morgan said an ideal policy would allow reports on elected officials to be released to the public while protecting victims’ privacy. Investigations should not be referred to other state agencies to remove the element of politics, he said.
Victims of statehouse harassment “are not asking for the press to know what they’ve gone through,” Morgan said. “They’re asking for a professional life that is free from harassment.”