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Why airfares are sky-high when jet fuel is dirt cheap

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NEW YORK — Airlines are saving big on jet fuel thanks to the plunge in the price of oil — but those savings aren’t getting passed onto customers.

If you’re wondering why, just take a look at the passengers wedged into the seats next to you. U.S. airlines saw a huge demand for tickets in 2014. The industry filled a record 83% of its seats, and paying passengers flew more than 800 million miles — another record.

“They’re selling all their seats at current prices. Why would they lower their fares?” said airline consultant Michael Boyd. “It makes no business sense to lower prices when there’s no compelling reason to do so.”

Jet fuel is by far every airline’s biggest expense, and the cost of it fell by 50% in 2014 alone. Ticket prices have not declined accordingly. In fact, airfare edged up 2.3% through November, 2014, according to industry trade group Airlines for America.

United Airlines jets sit at gates at O'Hare International Airport. (Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images)

United Airlines jets sit at gates at O’Hare International Airport. (Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images)

But airline costs beyond fuel, such as wages, rose in the last year, said spokeswoman Victoria Day, and airline profit margins are still much thinner than many other industries.

“Lower jet fuel prices are benefiting customers every day as airlines invest in new products and planes, pay down debt, reward employees and investors,” she said.

Investors have certainly benefited from the lower fuel costs. Southwest Airlines was the top performing stock in the S&P last year, up 121%. Shares of American Airlines more than doubled in value last year after the airline emerged from bankruptcy in late 2013. United Continental and Delta Air Lines each gained more than 70%.

(Photo: Southwest Airlines)

(Photo: Southwest Airlines)

Delta’s stock jumped Tuesday after it reported better than expected earnings and told investors it will save $2 billion on fuel this year alone. That’s likely to be just the first in a series of strong earnings reports for airlines in the fourth quarter.

Major carriers are forecast to post a jump of 50% or more in earnings for 2015.


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