NEW YORK — New York became the first state in the nation to make tuition free for middle class students at two- and four-year public colleges.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo introduced the tuition-free plan in January. Lawmakers agreed to include it in the state budget, which was approved by the Assembly on Saturday and by the Senate late Sunday night.
The governor is expected to sign the budget bills.
Tuition will be free for residents who earn up to a specific income cap, which will be phased in over the first three years.
Starting this fall, undergraduate students who attend a State University of New York or City University of New York school will be eligible for the Excelsior Scholarship if their families earn no more than $100,000 a year.
The income cap will lift to $110,000 next year and will reach $125,000 in 2019.
Those eligible will pay nothing for tuition, which costs $6,470 annually at four-year schools and about $4,350 a year at community colleges.
But they will still be on the hook for the cost of fees and room and board if they live on campus. Those other expenses can add up to $14,000 a year.
Students must take 30 credits a year to receive the scholarship. Some lawmakers had spoken out against this requirement because it excludes students who enroll part time.
In the final proposal, Cuomo said the credit requirement is “flexible” so any student facing hardship will be able to pause and restart the program, or take fewer credits one semester than another.
After they graduate, students who receive the scholarship must live and work in New York for the same number of years they received funding.
If they leave the state, their scholarship will be converted into a loan. This requirement was not included in the governor’s initial proposal.
“Today, college is what high school was — it should always be an option even if you can’t afford it,” Cuomo said in a statement.
His office has estimated the scholarship will cost $163 million in the first year, but some lawmakers say that’s a low estimate. it. An estimated 200,000 students would be eligible once the program is fully implemented.
The scholarship is structured to fill in the gap after accounting for other federal and state grants. Nearly half of full-time SUNY students, and more than 60 percent of those at CUNY, already pay nothing for tuition because of need-based federal Pell Grants or New York Tuition Assistance grants.
Those students would not be eligible for the Excelsior Scholarship.
SUNY chairman Carl McCall and chancellor Nancy Zimpher applauded the budget deal in a statement released by the school, calling the plan “truly groundbreaking.”
But they also said they had “hoped for additional support,” especially for SUNY community colleges, which they expect to have more students because of the scholarship.
Some Republican lawmakers criticized the governor’s proposal during budget negotiations for excluding students at private colleges.
The final budget includes an additional $19 million to create a new financial assistance program for private school students whose families make under the income cap, according to the governor.
Those students would get a maximum award of $3,000. Colleges that participate would have to match that funding and agree to not raise the student’s tuition during her enrollment.
Tennessee, Oregon and the city of San Francisco have recently made tuition free at community colleges for all residents, regardless of income.
But New York will be the first state to make tuition free for some residents at four-year public colleges. Lawmakers in Rhode Island are considering a similar proposal to make two years of public colleges tuition-free.